On 11 May 2021, the Australian Government announced that the Board of Taxation would undertake a review to evaluate the dual-agency administration model for the Research and Development Tax Incentive (R&DTI).

Terms of reference

The R&D Tax Incentive (R&DTI) program is a self-assessment program that provides tax offsets for eligible company R&D expenditure. The stated objective of the program is to encourage industry to conduct R&D activities that may otherwise not be conducted, particularly where the new knowledge gained is likely to benefit the wider Australian economy.

The R&DTI is jointly administered by the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) and Industry Innovation and Science Australia (IISA) and the Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources (DISER), with the ATO being responsible for the administration and processing of R&D tax offset claims, and IISA responsible for registering companies’ R&D activities.

The Board of Taxation is requested to evaluate the R&DTI dual agency administration model, with a view to identifying opportunities to reduce duplication between the two administrators, simplify administrative processes, or otherwise reduce the compliance costs for applicants. The Board may make recommendations to modify the R&DTI’s administrative model or to streamline existing administrative functions or processes. If the Board finds that taxpayers experience difficulty in understanding the different roles and responsibilities of the two administrators, the Board should consider whether education programs or communications would assist.

In conducting the review, the Board should:

  • analyse R&D administration models in other comparative jurisdictions and consider how the international experience may inform improvements to Australia’s R&DTI dual agency delivery model;
  • consult with taxpayers to obtain an insight into their experience during the registration and claiming process, including their understanding of the different roles and responsibilities of the ATO and IISA in administering the program;
  • consider any new and streamlined processes undertaken by the two agencies in response to previous reviews of the scheme’s administration, such as the 2016 Review of the R&DTI and the recent Australian Small Business and Family Enterprise Ombudsman review; and
  • identify the advantages and disadvantages of its recommendations, any potential financial impacts, and any trade-offs between simplification and/or reductions in compliance costs and the scheme’s integrity.

Changes to the R&DTI’s broader policy settings, such as eligibility requirements or rates of support, are outside of the scope of this review.


The Board has prepared a consultation guide [PDF 456KB | Word 326KB] for stakeholder review and input, to understand their experience during the registration and claiming process of the R&DTI and consider opportunities to streamline existing administrative functions or process. It also poses a number of questions for interested parties to think about when formulating input to the review.

The Board will organise a series of roundtable consultation sessions (to be confirmed virtual or in-person):

  • Adelaide – Friday 9 July 2021
  • Sydney – Tuesday 20 July 2021
  • Brisbane – Wednesday 4 August 2021
  • Melbourne – Wednesday 11 August 2021
  • Perth – Wednesday 1 September 2021

The Board also welcomes any written submissions in response to the consultation guide. Submissions can be made until 15 September 2021.

Further information available here.

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